Chairil Anwar Biography - Development Of Indonesian Literature

Chairil Anwar
Chairil Anwar was born in Medan, 26 Julai 1922. He grew up in a pretty mess. Both mother and father divorced, and his father berkahwin again. After the divorce, when finished high school, Chairil followed his mother to Jakarta. Childhood in Medan, Chairil very tight with his grandmother. Familiarity is so giving the impression to live Chairil.

In a rare life grieving, is one of the greatest pain when her grandmother died. Chairil portray grief in extraordinary poignant poem:

Bukan kematian benar yang menusuk kalbu/ Keridlaanmu menerima segala tiba/ Tak kutahu setinggi itu atas debu/ Dan duka maha tuan bertahta 

Not really a stabbing death of heart / Keridlaanmu receive all arriving / No I know that high on dust / And grief almighty lord reigns

After the grandmother, the mother was the second woman Chairil puja. He even used to count his father's name, Sincere, in front of the mother, as a sign of the fate of the mother menyebelahi. And in front of his mother, Chairil often lose a wild side. Some poems Chairil also showed his love for his mother.

Since childhood, the spirit of the famous Chairil kedegilannya. A close friend Sjamsul Ridwan, never make a living writing about Anwar when as a child. According to him, one of the properties Chairil in childhood is defeated abstinence, abstinence both lost in a competition, and in getting his heart. Willingness and desire to get that causes his soul is always overflowing, burning, virtually never stands still.

His colleague, Jassin also have memories of this. "We played badminton together, and he lost. But he did not admit defeat, and invites play continues. Eventually I lost. All that kerana we played in front of the girls. "

Women are the world Chairil after book. Carrying the name of Ida, Sri Ayati, Girl Rashid, Mirat, and Roosmeini as the girl who chased Chairil. And all the girl's name even into poetry Chairil. However, the girl Falkirk, Hapsah, Chairil been married.

The marriage was not long-lived. Due to economic hardship, and Chairil lifestyle that has not changed, Hapsah asked for a divorce. When her son was 7 months, Chairil was a widower.

Shortly afterwards, at 15.15 pm, 28 April 1949, Chairil died. There are several versions about the illness. But definitely, chronic tuberculosis and syphilis.

Age Chairil Anwar is short, 27 years.(1922-1949) But short it left a lot of things for the development of Indonesian literature. Instead he became the best example, for the attitude that did not mean it in the art wrestle. It is this attitude that makes her, Evawani Anwar, a notary in Bekasi, to apologize, when the death of his father, in 1999, "I am sorry, because I now live in a world of conflict with Anwar world."

Here is a poem by the famous Anwar titled "AKU"
In Indonesian


Oleh :
Chairil Anwar
Kalau sampai waktuku
‘Ku mau tak seorang ‘kan merayu
Tidak juga kau
Tak perlu sedu-sedan itu
Aku ini binatang jalan
Dari kumpulannya terbuang
Biar peluru menembus kulitku
Aku tetap meradang menerjang
Luka dan bisa kubawa berlari
Hingga hilang pedih peri
Dan aku akan lebih tidak perduli
Aku mau hidup seribu tahun lagi
No. 1, Th. I
10 Desember 1945.

In English

I Am


If it comes my time
'I want no one' right to woo
Nor do you
Needless sobs that
I am the beast
Of herd wasted
Let the bullet penetrate my skin
I still inflamed crashing
Luka and I can take running
Until lost poignant fairy
And I would not care
I want to live a thousand years

No. 1, Th. I
December 10, 1945

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