Salahudin Al-Ayubi Biography - Commander Kurdish Muslim

Salahudin Al Ayubi
Salahudin Al-Ayubi Biography
Salahuddin Al-Ayubi (1138 - 1193 AD) was born of Kurdish family in Tikrit (140km northwest of Baghdad) near the river Tigris in 1137M. His childhood was spent ten years studying at Damascus in the members of the ruling dynasty Zangid Syria, namely Nur Ad-Din or Nur al-Din Zangi.

Salahudin Al-Ayubi or rather Sholahuddin Yusuf ibn Ayyub, Salah Ad-Din ibn Ayyub or Saladin / salahadin (according to the pronunciation of the West) is one of the great heroes in tharikh (the history of) Islam. The concept and the culture of war hero is a celebration of the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad that we know called Maulud or mawlid, milad comes from the word that means the year, as the term meaningful birthday. A variety of birthday celebration among / Muslim organizations are often referred to as milad or miladiyah, although the intention is the birthday calendar according to the Gregorian calendar.

In addition to studying Islam, Saladin had learned from his uncle Asaddin military Shirkuh, a warlord Seljuk Turks. Caliphate. Along with his uncle Saladin ruled Egypt, and mendeposisikan last sultan of the Fatimid Caliphate (a derivative of Fatimah Az-Zahra, the daughter of Prophet Muhammad SAW).

Dinobatkannya Saladin became sultan of Egypt made the gaffe for his son Nur al-Din Salih Ismail. Until after Din died in 1174, Salih Ismail disputed lineage the right to the caliphate in Egypt. Finally Salih Ismail of Damascus and Saladin fought and successfully mastered Sholahuddin. Salih Ismail was forced to step aside and continued to fight the power of the new dynasty to have been killed in the year 1181. Saladin led Syria as well as Egypt and the return of Islam in Egypt back to the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah.

In a constantly growing territory Saladin defeated the Crusader invasion of Europe, except the one thing that recorded was Saladin had retreated from the Battle of Montgisard battle against Kingdom of Jerusalem (short kingdom of Jerusalem during the Crusades). But the pullback Sholahuddin Raynald of Ch√Ętillon resulted from the war lords The Holy Land Jerusalem Muslim memrovokasi pathway by interfering with trade and the Red Sea used as the path of pilgrims to Mecca and Medina. Worse Raynald threatened to attack the two holy cities, until Saladin attacked the Kingdom of Jerusalem back in 1187 at the Battle of Hattin war, as well as to execute the death penalty to Raynald and captured its king, Guy of Lusignan.

Eventually all of Jerusalem back into the hands of Muslims and the Kingdom of Jerusalem collapsed. In addition to other cities Jerusalem was conquered unless Tyres / Tyre. The fall of Jerusalem was a Christian triggers moving the Third Crusade Europe or the Third Crusade.

This decreases the Third Crusade Richard I of England to the battlefield at the Battle of Arsuf. Saladin was forced to resign, and for the first time can feel overthrew invincibilty Crusader Sholahuddin. In military Sholahuddin admired when Richard injuries, Saladin offers treatment in time of war at which time medical science has advanced and the Muslims believe.

Saladin and Richard Ramla
Saladin and Richard Ramla
Saladin and Richard Ramla
Saladin and Richard Ramla
In 1192 Saladin and Richard Ramla agreed in the agreement, in which the Muslims controlled Jerusalem permanent and open to Christian pilgrims. The next year Saladin died in Damascus after Richard's return to England. Even when people open the treasure chest treasure apparently not enough for the cost of his funeral, his property widely distributed to those who need it.

The Book Of Saladin
The Book Of Saladin

Complete data about King Salahudin Al-Ayubi
Reigning 1174 M. - March 4, 1193 AD
Named 1174 M.
Full name Yusuf Ayyubi
Born 1138 M. in Tikrit, Iraq
Died March 4 1193 M. in Damascus, Syria
Buried Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria
Preceded Din Zengi
Substitute Al-Aziz
Ayyubid dynasty
Father Najmuddin Ayyub

Besides admired Muslims, Saladin or Saladin / salahadin got a great reputation in Christian Europe, the story of the war and his leadership many written works of poetry and literature in Europe, one of which was The Talisman (1825) work of Walter Scott.

The past is not easy to go even though we like do not want to see him. Even in one of the walls of the Umayyad Mosque which was once the Cathedral of John the Baptist who faces made so beautiful mosque in the year 700, a historian still find the rest of this inscription: "Thy kingdom, O Christ, is the eternal kingdom .... '

But if the past is not easy to go, from what part of Saladin who will come to us now? From the tomb a dull space, myth what would we continue? The story of Saladin is the story of the battle. Of his day we hear terrible stories how religion has demonstrated its ability to inspire courage and inspiration of sacrifice - that would need to be in the form of murder.

But most of the story of Saladin - spread both West and East of the long history of the Crusades in the 12th century - was also the story of a courageous in battle, who does not want to shed blood. Saladin took Jerusalem back in the summer of 1187. But before the invasion, he gave the Christian ruler of the city's opportunity to prepare themselves so that they can fight the troops with dignity. And when the Christian army was eventually defeated, too, who do not make the Christians Saladin slaves. Saladin even release some of them, without rancor, even once, in the year 1099, when the Crusaders captured Jerusalem from Europe, 70 thousand Muslims were massacred and the city remains of Jews were herded into synagogues to be burned.

"My son," so it is said that Sultan message to his son, az-Zahir, before his death, "... Do not spill blood ... blood spattered because will not fall asleep."

In just 55 years of his life, that effort seems Saladin. Although he was not always flawless, though he often ordered the killing, after all we know, it's how the leader of the Muslims to be kind to King Richard the Lionheart who came from England to defeat. When Richard ill in battle, Saladin sent him fresh pears cool in the snow, and also a doctor. Then the peace was signed, 1 September 1192, and the party was held with various games, and the Europeans amazed how Islam can bear it as best man.

We now also be amazed at how the past can bear it as best man. Especially when people are just trying to bring back what the brave from the 12th century but dampen what patience and peace of an era of war. But the important fact of the past?

Kurds displaced from the tomb of the great, one day in 1970, I returned to the center of Damascus, through the hallway of a busy bazaar in front of the Umayyad Mosque. The city is boisterous, the hubbub is possible without history.

l9 January 1991
(Goenawan Mohamad, Uptown Notes 4, Graffiti, 1995, p.

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